18luck新利网 //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog. 体育统计数据更容易 星期四,2011年7月15日18:45:37 +0000 en - us 每小时 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.7.2 美联社奖励投票分类和奖励股票现在PFR //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/2021/07/ap-award-voting-breakdowns-and-award-shares-now-n-pfr/ //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/2021/07/ap-award-voting-breakdowns-and-award-shares-now-on-pfr/#comments 亚历克斯·博尼拉 星期四,2011年7月15日18:35:09 +0000 公告 数据 特征 历史 领导人 Pro-Football-Reference.com MVP. //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/?p=7934 解读一项体育运动历史的一个重要方面是看当时的媒体把谁选为最佳运动员,但你也可以通过观察其他认真考虑这些奖项的运动员来了解一些重要的背景。考虑到这一点,我们很高兴地宣布[#8230;] 解读一项体育运动历史的一个重要方面是看当时的媒体选择谁作为顶级运动员来颁发奖项,但你也可以通过看那些认真考虑这些奖项的其他运动员来获得一些重要的背景。考虑到这一点,我们很高兴地宣布美联社“最有价值球员、年度最佳进攻球员和最佳防守球员、年度最佳进攻新秀和年度最佳教练”奖项的投票统计数据。你可以在我们的奖项索引的足球奖投票摘要部分找到这个信息。就拿一个随机的例子1982,你可以看到Mark Moseley's narrow win over Dan Fouts in the MVP race,以及< rel = " noopener目标= "平等" href = " https://www.pro-football-reference.com/search/search.fcgi?pid=AlleMa00, AlleMa03&搜索=马库斯+ Allen& utm_campaign = Linker&utm_source = direct&utm_medium =链接器——“>马库斯艾伦< / > ' s一致OROY赢得亚军,< rel = " noopener目标=“平等”href="https://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/T/TaylLa00.htm?utm_campaign=Linker&utm_source=direct&utm_medium=linker-"> in the DPOY race。

有了这些数据,我们也可以计算职业奖励份额。对于那些不熟悉这个概念的人,这是他们在职业生涯中获得的最高得票率的总和。例如, a unanimous MVP like Lamar Jackson in 2019 gets 1.0 Award Share for that award, while 2016 Matt Ryan got 25 out of the possible 50 votes, so that's 0.5 Award Shares for that win. We have links to the career MVP, OPOY and DPOY award shares leaderboards on our Leaders index. Award shares and rank for each season they received votes will also be available in the Awards and Honors table on player pages, so you can more quickly see that in addition to Aaron Donald's 3 DPOY awards so far, he's also received at least a vote in every DPOY ballot since his sophomore season.

Some coverage notes:

  • MVP voting breakdowns available since 1957. 100% complete back to 1986. 1961 and 1975 MVP vote totals still missing. AP did not give out awards in 1960.
  • OPOY voting breakdowns available since 1972. 100% complete back to 1986. 1975 and 1985 OPOY vote totals still missing.
  • DPOY voting breakdowns available since 1971. 100% complete back to 1988. 1985 DPOY vote totals still missing.

We want to give a big thanks to John Turney who compiled this historical voting data. Turney was also a contributor on the pre-1982 sacks data we announced recently.

If you have any questions, suggestions or even a lead on some of the still-waiting-to-be-discovered vote totals, feel free to contact us via our feedback form.

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1982年前萨克斯加入职业足球参考 //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/2021/07/pre-1982-sacks-added-to-pro-football-reference/ //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/2021/07/pre-1982-sacks-added-to-pro-football-reference/#comments 迈克林奇 2021年7月12日星期一16:02:36 +0000 公告 数据 特征 历史 Pro-Football-Reference.com //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/?p=7904 美国国家橄榄球联盟(NFL)自1982年以来才开始正式统计球员名单,这意味着名单记录和排行榜显示了一个不完整的传球匆忙史。在很多情况下,我们接受了官方记录中的这些漏洞,然后继续前进。毕竟,我们不知道吉姆·索普(Jim Thorpe)跑了多少码,帕迪·德里斯科尔(Paddy Driscoll)跑了多少码。

自1982年以来,美国橄榄球联盟才正式统计过球员被解雇的人数,这意味着解雇记录和排行榜显示了一段不完整的抢传球历史。在许多情况下,我们接受官方记录中的这些漏洞,然后继续前进。毕竟,我们不知道有多少冲刺码吉姆·索普,传球码Paddy Driscoll甚至有多少次盖帽威尔特·张伯伦有。见鬼,我们甚至“官方”都不知道2020年(或任何其他赛季)有多少铲球。不过,多亏了官方的游戏书,“非官方”的总攻势在很多地方(包括这里)得以公布。以萨克斯为例,得益于约翰·特尼和尼克·韦伯斯特数十年的研新利18体育链接究,我们对1960年的统计数据有了一个非常透彻的解释。考虑到这些“非官方”统计数据的解释使我们能够描绘出更丰富的游戏历史,我们认为在职业足球参考资料,让球迷们更深入地欣赏上世纪六七十年代的一些足球巨星。这与演示1920年以前棒球运动员的RBI总数(第一个赛季的统计是“官方的”)。这些新增内容允许我们打印年复一年和职业生涯袋总数,而不仅仅是传奇人物,如执事琼斯(173.5),Jack Youngblood(151.5),艾伦佩奇(148.5),Carl Eller(133.5)和乔·格林(77.5),也适用于不太知名的明星,如Coy Bacon(130.5),Cedrick Hardman(122.5)和Jack Gregory(106.0),他的伟大和影响现在可以更容易地量化。

Turney和Webster,他们是https://www.profootballresearchers.org/“>职业足球研究者协会(Pro Football Researchers Association),编制这些数据已有近30年的历史。要了解他们的工作和方法,我们建议您从https://www.courant.com/news/connecticut/hc-xpm-2003-12-09-0312090464-story.html“>Hartford Courant,纽约时报和ESPN的旧第2页。重要的是要知道,这些数字是基于对官方比赛的回顾,观看比赛影片,照片和教练的统计。这项工作一直持续到今天,因为新的信息被发现,特别是60年代早期的数字

考虑到许多障碍,这项研究的深入程度是值得注意的。从1970年合并到1981年,99%的麻袋都被计算在内。从1966年到1969年,这一数字接近95%(美国足球联合会和美国橄榄球联合会)。1961-64年覆盖率约为80%。在1960年,大约三分之二的麻袋都被计算在内

随着新数据整合到网站中,以下是“非官方”NFL sacks排行榜(回到1960年)的样子:

Unofficial Leaders Table
Rank Player Sk Years Tm
1 Bruce Smith+ 200.0 1985-2003 2TM
2 Reggie White+ 198.0 1985-2000 3TM
3 Deacon Jones+ 173.5 1961-1974 3TM
4 Kevin Greene+ 160.0 1985-1999 4TM
5 Julius Peppers 159.5 2002-2018 3TM
6 Jack Youngblood+ 151.5 1971-1984 ram
7 Chris Doleman+ 150.5 1985-1999 3TM
8 Alan Page+ 148.5 1967-1981 2TM
9 Lawrence Taylor+ 142.0 1981-1993 nyg
10 Michael Strahan+ 141.5 1993-2007 nyg
11 Jason Taylor+ 139.5 1997-2011 3TM
12 Terrell Suggs 139.0 2003-2019 3TM
13 DeMarcus Ware 138.5 2005-2016 2TM
14 Richard Dent+ 137.5 1983-1997 4TM
John Randle+ 137.5 1990-2003 2TM
16 Jared Allen 136.0 2004-2015 4TM
Rickey Jackson+ 136.0 1981-1995 2TM
18 John Abraham 133.5 2000-2014 3TM
Carl Eller+ 133.5 1964-1979 2TM
20 Leslie O'Neal 132.5 1986-1999 3TM
21 Al Baker 131.0 1978-1990 4TM
22 Coy Bacon 130.5 1968-1981 4TM
Jim Marshall 130.5 1960-1979 2TM
24 Claude Humphrey+ 130.0 1968-1981 2TM
25 Derrick Thomas+ 126.5 1989-1999 kan
Provided by Pro-Football-Reference.com: View Original Table
Generated 7/12/2021.

And here's the "unofficial" single-season leaderboard. As you can see, Al Baker's 23.0 in his 1978 rookie season is the unofficial record:

Unofficial Leaders Table
Rank Player Sk Year Tm
1 Al Baker (21) 23.0 1978 DET
2 Michael Strahan+ (29) 22.5 2001 NYG
3 Jared Allen (29) 22.0 2011 MIN
Mark Gastineau (27) 22.0 1984 NYJ
Justin Houston (25) 22.0 2014 KAN
Deacon Jones+ (25) 22.0 1964 RAM
Deacon Jones+ (29) 22.0 1968 RAM
8 Coy Bacon (34) 21.5 1976 CIN
Deacon Jones+ (28) 21.5 1967 RAM
10 Chris Doleman+ (27) 21.0 1989 MIN
Reggie White+ (25) 21.0 1987 PHI
12 Aaron Donald (27) 20.5 2018 LAR
Jim Katcavage (28) 20.5 1963 NYG
Joe Klecko (27) 20.5 1981 NYJ
Lawrence Taylor+ (27) 20.5 1986 NYG
J.J. Watt (23) 20.5 2012 HOU
J.J. Watt (25) 20.5 2014 HOU
18 Mark Gastineau (24) 20.0 1981 NYJ
Harvey Martin (26) 20.0 1977 DAL
Derrick Thomas+ (23) 20.0 1990 KAN
DeMarcus Ware (26) 20.0 2008 DAL
Provided by Pro-Football-Reference.com: View Original Table
Generated 7/12/2021.

We hope site users enjoy this new information and the fuller picture it paints for some of the greatest defensive players in NFL history. We will continue to print the official leaderboards since 1982 since we realized different users have different needs, but we hope this new data complements the official data and helps bring awareness to some forgotten players with little else in the way of statistical records. We have plans to continue to flesh out our historical defensive statistics for individual players, so stay tuned.

Turney and Webster would also like to make it clear that this was more than a two-person job. They would like to thank the many people who helped them gain access to valuable information, documents and film including Scott Grams, Brett Daniels, Ace Cacchiotti and the countless NFL PR directors who helped. They are grateful for the assistance.

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对NBA历史得分的重大改进 //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/2021/07/major-improvements-to-historical-nba-box-cores// //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/2021/07/major-improvements-to-historical-nba-box-scores/#comments 迈克林奇 2021年7月7日星期三14:58:50 +0000 公告 新利18体育链接Basketball-Reference.com. 数据 历史 //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/?p=7889 我们很激动地宣布,我们已经在NBA历史总得分的收集中增加了数千个数据点(其中包括NBA历史上每一场比赛的至少一部分总得分)。这些新数据是由网站开发人员和统计学家Justin Kubatko提供的,他曾经创建过篮球参考。新利18体育链接(& # 8230;)

我们很激动地宣布,我们已经添加了数千个数据点到我们的历史NBA box得分收集(其中包括至少一个部分box得分在NBA历史的每一场比赛)。新利18体育链接这些新数据是由网站开发人员和统计学家Justin Kubatko提供的,他曾经创建过篮球参考。新利18体育链接< / p >

For an overview of how complete our box score data now is, please visit our Data Coverage Summaries for the regular season and postseason.

For your convenience, here's some quick bullet-points on the improvements:

    ●As before, our coverage of Points, Field Goals Made and Free Throws Made is 100% complete all-time back to 1946-47 (the 1st year of the NBA's precursor, the BAA). Similarly, Three-Pointers made coverage is 100% complete back to 1979-80, which was the first season the Three-Point shot was in the NBA.
    ●Free Throw Attempts are 100% complete for regular season games back to 1958-59 and over 99% complete back to 1948-49. Free Throw Attempts are 100% complete all-time (since 1946-47) for postseason games.
    ●Field Goal Attempts, Total Rebounds and Assists are 100% complete for regular season games back to 1982-83 and over 99% complete back to 1975-76. For the postseason, they are 100% complete back to 1962-63.
    ●Personal Fouls are 100% complete for regular season games back to 1982-83 and over 99% complete back to 1975-76. For the postseason, they are 100% complete back to 1948-49.
    ●Games Started are 100% complete back to 1975-76 for regular season games and 1973-74 for postseason games.
    ●Minutes Played are complete back to 1982-83 for regular season games and 1974-75 for postseason games.
    ●Three-Point Attempts are complete back to 1983-84 for regular season games and 100% complete all-time (since 1979-80) for postseason.
    ●With a few exceptions, Offensive Rebounds, Defensive Rebounds, Steals, Blocks and Turnovers are complete back to 1983-84 in the regular season. Steals, Blocks and Turnovers are complete back to 1982-83 for the postseason.

If you are a Stathead user, our tools such as the Player Game Finder, Team Game Finder, Player Streak Finder, Team Streak Finder, Head 2 Head Finder and Player Span Finder will soon have updated language to reflect the inclusion of this expanded data which will make the tools even more powerful.

If you're not a Stathead user, but would like to run your own customized queries into our massive database, please visit Stathead.com and start your free one-month trial today!

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全垒打和未来比赛数据添加到B-R //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/2021/07/home-run-derby-and-futures-game-data-added-to-b-r/ 亚历克斯·博尼拉 2021年7月2日星期五15:41:30 +0000 全明星 公告 Baseball-Reference.com 牛棚 数据 特征 历史 琐事 期货游戏 家庭经营德比 //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/?p=7885 我们一直在牛棚(Baseball-Reference的用户管理wiki)上有本垒打和未来比赛的信息,但现在我们已经将这些事件的参与数据添加到主Baseball-Reference网站上。全垒打冠军,由三次冠军小肯·格里菲斯证明,现在已经在他们的成就“闪亮”的顶端[#8230;]

We' re always had Home Run Derby and Futures Game information on the Bullpen, Baseball-Reference's user-managed wiki,但是现在我们已经将这些事件的参与数据添加到主Baseball-Reference站点。< / p >

Home Run Derby champions, as evidenced by 3-time winner Ken Griffey Jr., now have that marked among their accomplishment "bling" at the top of their player page. In addition, if you scroll down to the Appearances on Leaderboards, Awards and Honors table, Home Run Derby participation is included as its own section now, with wins bolded. Because this is just participation data, you still have to go to the Bullpen if you want to see the actual scores of the Derbies.

Similarly, if a player participated in a Futures Game, using Joey Gallo as an example, that appears now in a new section of the Appearances on Leaderboards, Awards and Honors table. This data also appears on their minor league page in a column of the Prospect Rankings table. Each Futures Game is linked to the relevant Bullpen page if you want to see the full roster that year as well as the score and relevant events.

We thank intern Jeremy Frank for his work in collecting and preparing this data for this project. If you want to share any feedback or suggestions, please send us your thoughts via our feedback form.

球队打击和投球跨度寻找器增加到Stathead棒球 //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/2021/07/team-batting-and-pitching-span-finders-added-to-stathead-baseball/ 凯蒂夏普 2021年7月1日星期四21:28:04 +0000 公告 Baseball-Reference.com 特征 如何 Stathead 提示和技巧 //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/?p=7880 等待结束了!我们一直在听取来自我们的用户的新功能的要求,我们很高兴地宣布,我们已经推出了Stathead Baseball的两个新工具:球队投球和打击跨度Finders。Team Span Finder是一个强大的研究工具,允许您搜索和比较团队统计数据[#8230;]

等待结束!< / p > < p >我们一直听请求新功能从我们的用户,我们高兴地宣布,我们已经启动了两个新的工具< a href = " https://stathead.com/baseball/?utm_medium=blog&utm_source=announcement&utm_campaign=br-team-span-finder " rel = " noopener "目标=“mi.18luck fyi平等”> Stathead棒球< / >:团队< a href = " https://stathead.com/baseball/span_finder_tpitcher.cgi?utm_medium=blomi.18luck fyig&utm_source=announcement&utm_campaign=br-team-span-finder " rel = " noopener "目标=“平等”>投手< / >和< a href = " https://stathead.com/baseball/span_finder_tbatter.cgi?utm_medium=blog&utm_source=announcement&utm_campaign=br-team-span-finder " rel = " noopener "目标= "平等" >打击跨发现者< / >。< / p >

The Team Span Finder is a powerful research tool that allows you to search and compare team stats based on spans of games. You can further refine the search and specify the span to be either from the start or end of a season.

Here's a few examples of each type of search to get you started:

The biggest run differential in any 162-game span is +446, done by the 1901-02 Pirates and 1938-39 Yankees.

The most shutouts thrown by a team in its first 50 games of a season is 14, by the 1969 Cubs.

Did you know? Since 1901, 137 teams have lost at least 15 of their final 20 games of a season. Only one of them made the postseason: 2000 Yankees (and they won the World Series, too!).

We hope you really enjoy this addition to Stathead. If you're interested in a subscription to the service, you can sign up for a free trial here!

麦琪·沃尔什·迪弗加盟体育参考公司担任营销总监18luck新利网新利18体育手机客户端 //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/2021/06/maggie-walsh-deaver-joins-sports-reference-as-marketing-director/ 行政 2021年6月30日星期三14:50:09 +0000 公告 expire10d Stathead //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/?p=7876 Maggie Walsh dever已加入Sports Ref新利18体育手机客户端18luck新利网erence担任营销总监,并将管理SR的营销和客户服务职能。Maggie之前在Volo Sports担任国家品牌和市场总监。她是波士顿体育和比尔·贝利奇克帽衫的粉丝。关注她的推特@maggiewdeaver。 麦琪·沃尔什·迪弗已加入Sports Reference担任营销总监新利18体育手机客户端18luck新利网,并将管理SR的营销和客户服务职能。Maggie之前在Volo Sports担任国家品牌和市场总监。她是波士顿体育和比尔·贝利奇克帽衫的粉丝。在twitter上关注她@maggiewdeaver.

Andrew Chong加入Sport新利18体育手机客户端18luck新利网s Reference担任QA/测试工程师 //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/2021/06/andrew-chong-joins-sports-reference-as-qa-testing-engineer/ 行政 2021年6月30日星期三14:47:59 +0000 公告 expire10d Stathead //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/?p=7874 Andrew Chong已加入体育参考作为QA 新利18体育手机客户端18luck新利网/测试工程师。Andrew以前在Chatham Financial工作并居住在费城地区。他沿着菲利亚,王国篮球和韩国人参加任何运动。新利18体育链接他在@Testthesoftware的推特上。

Andrew Chong加入了运动参考作为QA新利18体育手机客户端18luck新利网 /测试工程师。Andrew以前在Chatham Financial工作并居住在费城地区。他沿着菲利亚,王国篮球和韩国人参加任何运动。新利18体育链接他在 @testthesoftware WNBA交易添加到篮球参考新利18体育链接 //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/2021/06/wnba-transactions-added-to-新利18体育链接basketball-reference/ //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/2021/06/wnba-transactions-added-to-新利18体育链接basketball-reference/#comments 亚历克斯·博尼拉 星期二,2021年6月8日16:09:41 +0000 公告 新利18体育链接Basketball-Reference.com. 数据 草案 特征 历史 交易 队) //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/?p=7869 在WNBA的第25个赛季开始时,我们宣布在WNBA的篮球参考报道中大量增加高级数据和功能。新利18体育链接我们还在继续开发更多的功能,今天我们很高兴地宣布WNBA球员和球队的交易历史添加。例如,您现在可以[#8230;]

在WNBA的第25季的开始时,我们宣布了一新利18体育链接个我们的WNBA覆盖范围内的巨大扩展了篮球参考资料。新利18体育链接我们仍在致力于更多的功能,今天我们很高兴地宣布向WNBA玩家和团队添加交易历史。

,您现在可以看看2021联赛交易Page 赶上2月10日发生的所有交易,包括 natasha howard 纽约自由和 kia nurse Megan Walker 凤凰汞。添加到她的页面上的大量事务的一个玩家是 shey paddy 。选择她选择的选秀草案两次,包括2011年的5队贸易。然后,在2019年和2020年,她通过习惯了许多7天的合同,最后签署了汞的休息合同。小鸡继续前往甚至在季后赛游戏中击中了她以前的球队那个季节。

此交易包括对WNBA唯一的几种交易类型,例如7天合同和合同暂停。后者用于WNBA,为团队灵活,允许玩家追求国际锦标赛; Katie Lou Samuelson is a recent example of this transaction type.

We want to give special thanks to our data developer Charlotte Eisenberg and intern Christina Wiech for collecting and formatting this data, thus making this addition possible. We're constantly working to improve our coverage of the WNBA and the other leagues we track on Basketball-Reference, so if you have any suggestions or feedback, send us your thoughts via our feedback form.

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女子奥运篮球统计现在篮球参考新利18体育链接 //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/2021/05/womens-olympic-新利18体育链接basketball-stats-now-on-basketball-reference/ 亚历克斯·博尼拉 2021年5月14日星期五18:36:13 +0000 公告 新利18体育链接Basketball-Reference.com. 数据 特征 历史 奥运会,因此 //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/?p=7860 参考译文:我们很高兴地宣布最新增加的篮球参考:我们现在有了从1976年第一次有女子篮球锦标赛的夏新利18体育链接季奥运会的统计数据。这补充了我们现有的男子奥运篮球数据。新利18体育链接在我们的国际索引的团队部分,一个表已经添加了每个国家的历史[#8230;] 我们很高兴地宣布篮球参考的最新添加:我们现在拥有男士奥运篮球数据

美国的女性团队已经在这场比赛中。还有一个妇女的奥运会季节表,显示每个竞争对手的奖牌。

我们还有每个女性的奥运会匹配的框分数,来自 1976年奥运会的第一轮罗宾游戏 2016年美国和西班牙之间的金牌游戏。参加奥运会的玩家,如 lauren jackson diana taurasi ,现在有国际页面。

如果您有任何问题或建议,随着我们通过我们的反馈表格 新利18体育手机客户端18luck新利网体育参考:改变球员的身份名称从球员昵称到名字 //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/2021/04/sports-reference-changing-player-identification-names-from-player-nicknames-to-given-names/ //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/2021/04/sports-reference-changing-player-identification-names-from-player-nicknames-to-given-names/#comments 行政 星期五,2021年4月30日19:04:07 +0000 公告 Baseball-Reference.com 新利18体育链接Basketball-Reference.com. 数据 Hockey-Reference.com Pro-Football-Reference.com //www.reticulex.com/mi.18luck fyiblog/?p=7829 在Baseball-Reference.com上,我们已经开始评估历史球员的识别名和昵称。这一过程的根源在于,我们一直在计算用来识别玩家的大量名字。在许多情况下,它们都是基于玩家的真实或真实体验。

On Baseball-Reference.com we have begun the process of evaluating the identifying names and nicknames for historical players. The genesis of this process is the long overdue reckoning on our part with a substantial number of the names we use to identify players (identifying names). In many cases, they are based on a player's real or perceived ethnicity, a player's disability, or a trait the media decided to call attention to.

As a first step, we are discontinuing the use of nicknames that are racially or ethnically influenced, such as "Chief," "Jap," or "Darkie," and names based upon a player's disability, such as "Dummy." They will no longer appear as identifying names, page titles, on team pages, or on leaderboards across the site, but will be noted for completeness of records on the player’s main page. This figures most prominently for baseball, but we will likely have some changes on our other sites as well.

The fact that we've used these identifying names for the last 20 years without concern is a mistake that I have made. I apologize for that error. For most of that time, I have told myself that the identifying names were out of our hands and that we'd be rewriting history by changing them. That self-imposed restraint was wrong and further study has shown that many nicknames were not as deeply entrenched in history as I had assumed. Identifying people with these names was a choice, and the history of their use in the media shows inconsistent adoption that is far from canonical validation.

First, some history. All recent or current baseball encyclopedias and websites are based on the work of the MacMillan Baseball Encyclopedia (affectionately known as "Big Mac"). In discussing the naming process with the book's editor, David Neft, he informed me that Lee Allen (please read about Mr. Allen's remarkable contributions in his Chadwick Award page) was largely responsible for choosing the identifying names for the players. I don't have insight into Mr. Allen's reasoning or process, but given the size of the task, the deadline and the availability of source materials, I suspect he was largely using materials like the Sporting News or his encyclopedic knowledge of the game and its history. One thing that is clear is Mr. Allen loved using nicknames for identifying names. The MacMillan Encyclopedia contained hundreds and hundreds of players identified by a nickname. But in the post-MacMillan era, using nicknames for identifying names is comparatively quite rare for players who debuted in the 1960s or later. The overwhelming majority of players in the last 50 years are identified by a name related to their given name. Some recent examples include Mookie Betts, Butch Huskey, Pokey Reese, B.J. (Bossman Jr.) Upton and some others, but they are relatively rare. Is this a change in societal naming conventions, or a change in how the names are applied by those recording the game?

Even in cases of well-documented usage, it is still important to reevaluate our current presentation of these players. Yes, Charles Bender was more commonly known as Chief Bender when he was playing, but the moniker is based on his American Indian heritage. He never claimed the name, never used the name himself, and newspapers of the time also often referred to him as Charles Bender or Charles Albert Bender as well. We have decided not to use Chief as an identifying name for any players on our website. Some will argue that there are players who like the Chief name. We don't deny that. We will continue to list Chief as a nickname on the players' pages. For any player whose name we are modifying, we will show a note on their page alerting the user to the other identifying name and include both names in our search engine.

I can list numerous examples of Mr. Allen's enthusiastic use of nicknames. For instance, the last player to be identified with the first name "Lefty" on our site is Lefty Hayden who played one year in 1958. Born Eugene Franklin Hayden, he was also known as Gene Hayden. Using the newspaper index in Newspapers.com, we can get a good idea of how common the use of these names were at the time he was playing. Hayden was in the major leagues for the 1958 season with the Cincinnati Reds. A search of "Lefty Hayden" Reds 1958 returns only 21 matches, many of which were actually "Lefty Gene Hayden." A search of "Gene Hayden" Reds 1958 returns 440 matches. I find it difficult to argue that "Lefty" is a better choice than "Gene" in this case. I can cite dozens of such examples. For instance, "Specs" Torporcer was identified as George Torporcer far more often in the press. We have not decided yet whether to change these more benign nicknames or what process we would use. In addition, unless our research indicates a very strong reason, we are very unlikely to modify other well-known identifications like PeeWee Reese, Lefty Grove, Whitey Ford, and Whitey Herzog. We'll do our best as we work through the process and try to be as transparent as possible.

It is certainly not our goal to police your use of the names based on nicknames. You are, of course, free to use the nicknames as you'd like. But after years of tying our own hands, we are ready to make some changes in the identifying names that appear on the site.

For current or recently active players, our policy has been and will continue to be following the names used by the players themselves, since we are able to ask them quite easily and the league provides us a list of names every day. There was an example today in the NFL draft:

We will, of course, respect the player's wishes in this regard.

Below is a list of identification names that we have modified on the site. Thank you to our Baseball Data Developer Charlotte Eisenberg for her work on this.

ON Baseball-Reference.com

Chief Bender ==> Charles Bender
Chief Hogsett ==> Elon Hogsett
Chief Johnson ==> George Johnson
Chief Meyers ==> Jack Meyers
Chief Roseman ==> James Roseman
Chief Yellow Horse ==> Moses Yellow Horse
Chief Youngblood ==> Albert Youngblood
Chief Zimmer ==> Charles Zimmer
Chink Heileman ==> John Heileman
Chink Outen ==> Bill Outen
Chink Taylor ==> C. L. Taylor
Chink Zachary ==> Albert Zachary
Dummy Deegan ==> Bill Deegan
Dummy Hoy ==> Billy Hoy
Dummy Leitner ==> George Leitner
Dummy Lynch ==> Danny Lynch
Dummy Murphy ==> Herbert Murphy
Dummy Stephenson ==> Reuben Stephenson
Dummy Taylor ==> Luther Taylor
Nig Clarke ==> Jay Clarke
Nig Cuppy ==> George Cuppy
Nig Fuller ==> Charles Fuller
Nig Lipscomb ==> Gerard Lipscomb
Nig Perrine ==> John Perrine
Squanto Wilson ==> George Wilson
Blackie Carter ==> Otis Carter
Blackie Schwamb ==> Ralph Schwamb
Brownie Foreman ==> John Foreman
Chief Wilson ==> Owen Wilson
Jap Barbeau ==> William Barbeau

On Pro-Football-Reference.com

Chief Elkins ==> Fait Elkins
Chief Franta ==> Herb Franta
Chief McLain ==> Mayes McLain
Chief Mullen ==> Samuel Mullen
Chief Toorock ==> Meyer Toorock
Jap Douds ==> Forrest Douds

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